In Greek religion, Thomas Moore reminds us, statues of Goddesses were sometimes tied up, "apparently in a ritual attempt to curb their powers". The Hungarian scholar Carl Kerenyi says that Artemis, one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities (her Roman equivalent Diana) was known as "she who arouses" and "she who is bound with lygos vines". Such wide spread rituals, Moore points out, suggest that even ordinary acts of bondage have a profound "archetypal level" and that in considering such acts, "we tend to focus on the cruelty and miss the specific image- the desire to be bound".

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